From 1 January 2017, Finland in 2000 will receive an income of 560 euro per month without doing anything: it intends to test the viability of universal income to support consumption and demand
From January 1, Finland became the first country in the world to experience the universal basic income. Amount: 560 EUR monthly. Not much, but it’s the principle that counts. The landing comes after a “universal” debate is not concluded.
They face two schools of thought: one wants that all citizens are to have a minimum budget, which helps the economy today, economists say, entrusts to the flywheel consumption growth being scemati investment is public and private; the other argues that it is un’elargizione “welfare” that would reward those who have less desire to do.
Switzerland went to the polls for the first proposal – the introduction of a basic income of 2500 francs amounted to more than 2300 euro – which the majority of voters rejected with 78% in the referendum last June.
The Swiss rejection, however, has not dismissed the idea debated everywhere in the West, and advanced in the past in Italy by the Movement 5 Stars.
To take now the baton is Finland.
Experiment is the right word: it will be basic income that is paid in exchange for nothing, but not universal in that sense it is, for two years, only 2,000 citizens.
The lower parameter is explained by the fact that in Finland there is no defined minimum wage. The country, however, is also one of the world’s central innovation as was confirmed a month ago the crowded start-ups fair Slush, in Helsinki; and they do not ignore the studies that indicate a progressive depletion of human labor with the advent of hi-tech production processes and even in areas such as personal care and entertainment.
They are two sides of the same coin, because “avveniristi” imagine that development environment and especially artificial intelligence will erase soon a good number of jobs also very specialized.
Among those who believe the answer is therefore some form of universal income there is Elon Musk. The patron of Tesla, SpaceX and SolarCity said if the robots take jobs away there is no other remedy that “a universal basic income or something like that,” while admitting that “it is a debate that will bring us back for another ten or twenty years”. Just enough time, has exemplified Musk, they spread the guider systems with software: there will be no need of so many drivers, so to speak. The technology and its boost productivity will make more and more human labor superfluous in various sectors. But without pay, those who consume those products or services? No coincidence that a similar experiment part in 2017 in Utrecht in the Netherlands and one is going to Oakland where 1,000 citizens receive $ 500 a month. If you go by the idea of distributing income it is therefore not to reward “slackers”, but to support the economy in Europe which also suffer from anemic growth.